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Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple: Tom’s Story (A comical story of Tom, the ESL student - Video)

  • Follow Tom in his everyday life and teach the present perfect tense by contrasting it with the past simple to pre-intermediate level ESL learners.
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    Title of English / ESL Video:
    Tom’s Story
    Target English Grammar:
    Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple Tense
    Student Proficiency Level:
    Pre-intermediate level grammar
    Suggested Courses:
    General English
    Instructions:
    – Play the video in class after delivering a warm-up activity first.
    – Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).
    Summary of English Grammar: Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple
    Approximate chronological order:
    Rules and Explanation:
    Functions:
    – Past events
    – Recent past events
    – Unfinished states
    Timeline: Past Events
    – The present perfect simple tense indicates that something happened in the past.
    – We don’t know when it happened. We just know it happened in the past some time between the day that you were born until now.
    Visual Representation of Example:
    – Example: I’ve been to Australia.
    – This means some time in the past, you went to Australia.
    – been vs. gone: Gone means you went there, but you’re still not back yet. Been means you went there, and then you left.
    – We often use never to emphasize negatives and ever to emphasize questions.
    – Example: Have you ever been to America? (No, I’ve never been to America.)
    Recent Past Events:
    – Example 1: Mum, have you finished cooking dinner?
    – Example 2: Yes boys, I’ve made your favourite!
    – We can also use just, yet and already for emphasis.
    – Example 1: Mum, have you finished cooking dinner yet?
    – Example 2: Yes boys, I’ve just made your favourite!
    Unfinished States:
    – Example: We’ve known each other for two weeks now.
    – We use for for a period of time.
    – Examples: for an hour, for two days, for the last 10 years.
    – We use since for a starting point in time.
    – Examples: since last night, since three months ago, since the 1980s.
    Timeline: Unfinished States
    – We’ve known each other for two weeks now.
    – The boy met the girl at a certain point in the past, and they still know each other in the present.
    – They have known each other for two weeks, which means they met two weeks ago.
    Simple Past: Function
    – To talk about finished events where the time is known.
    – Example 1: How was your date honey?
    – Example 2: We broke up…
    – In these examples, although the time is not mentioned, both the boy and his mother know the time of the date.
    – We can use just for emphasis that an event recently happened.
    – Example: We just broke up.
    Form:
    Statements:
    Subject + have/has (+ never/just/already) + past participle + … (+ for/since, time word, yet)
    I + ‘ve + been + to Australia.
    I + ‘ve + never + been + to America.
    I + haven’t + made + dinner + yet.
    We + ‘ve + known + each other + for two weeks now.
    Open Questions:
    Wh-/How + have/has + subject + past participle + … (+ for) + ?
    How long + have + we + known + each other + for?
    *Wh-/how question words and for are for open questions.
    Yes/No Questions:
    Have/has + subject (+ ever) + past participle + … (+ yet, time word) + ?
    Have + you + ever + been + to Australia?
    Have + you + finished + cooking + dinner + yet?
    *Ever, yet and time words are for yes/no questions.
    Summary

    Category : Cooking

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